Smithers Pira regularly undertakes projects, supporting clients worldwide, to help reduce damage during transit in the supply chain. This commonly involves a mix of field and lab-based activity. Field based work involves:
- Observation of real life events
- Damage quantification
- Process mapping
Consumer products (CPG / FMCG and slow moving goods) as well as industrial goods (machinery, electronics, and equipment) are all vulnerable to damage in the supply chain. For consumer packaged goods, damage causes reduced on-shelf availability which equates to loss of sales.
Common Damage Failure Modes
Breakage and fatigue failure
When vibration and shock events occur during shipment and handling, components, materials and bonds are subjected to stress. If the physical hazards encountered in the supply chain are greater than the performance threshold of the package or product then failure will result. Even for more durable materials, the repetitive nature of road and air journeys (vibration) can cause wear, puncture, rupture or fatigue.
Products at risk: Glass, metal, and even plastic packaging
Learn more about vibration and shock field data measurement.
Pallet / Load Stability
Instability in packaged loads occurs from high displacement (low frequency) hazard events, resulting from road vehicle cornering or braking, or from mechanical and automated handling machinery. More commonly, taller loads and loads where cost saving projects has eliminated corrugated material, instability is also present. Instability can occur rapidly during more vigorous events or over a longer time period.
Products at risk: Palletized loads, large container loads (sea shipments), light weighted products and packaging
Read more about load stability, drop and impact testing.
Abrasion/print scuff, decoration damage
Surface damage occurs as a result of repetitive vibration from direct pack to pack contact during road or air shipment. Damage normally occurs to a printed surface, but in severe instances, abrasion or scuffing can result in punctures and leakage. ‘Pin-holing’ most commonly occurs during roll cage mixed load conditions in retailer distribution system.
Products at risk: Product packaging with exposed labels and thin-walled metal beverage containers
Both vibration and impacts are known to cause leakage. Leakage from one container often causes contamination to other products being distributed so the implications can be significant. Package testing allows validation that leakage will not occur or can support resolving a known leakage problem.
Products at risk: Bottles and flexible packs
Learn more about Smithers Pira package testing capabilities.
The more complex and innovative the dispensing component or closure for certain products, the higher the scope for leakage while under vibration conditions or as a result of increased point-loading during storage or distribution. Premature actuation is the dispensing of the product accidentally during distribution - this can be dangerous if the product is hazardous.
Products at risk: Cleaning products, chemicals, medical/healthcare products
Learn more about vibration testing and post-test integrity testing for medical.
This is failure of a pack (break down of the packaging material structure) from non-compatibility between the packaging material and the substance within the pack (normally a liquid). Environmental stress cracking normally occurs from long term storage combined with compressive conditions.
Products at risk: Products / packaging subject to long-term stacked storage conditions
Learn more about compression testing.
Once a specific issue has been identified and resolved, many clients use Smithers Pira to set up performance tests and specification improvement processes to ensure performance in transit is satisfactory for new packaged products in the future.
Contact us today and learn how Smithers Pira distribution testing experts can help develop a testing plan for you.