Recycled Plastics In Packaging Applications

eBook looking at two of the primary drivers of the use of recycled plastics in packaging.

Product detail
Product type: Books
Date of publication: 29 Aug 2011
Product format: Online

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The growth of recycled plastics for packaging applications is linked to two key drivers: (1) the economics for cost-in-use compared to that of virgin plastic resin based on fossil-fuel feedstocks, and (2) the supply chain for recycled plastic resin feedstocks (e.g., availability of municipal waste). Furthermore, growth of recycled plastics specifically for food contact applications (largest end-use) is linked to a third key driver: the regulations that allow the safe use of recycled plastics in food packaging applications. This eBook reviews the packaging market and how and why mechanically recycled plastics are being used more and more in this field. The regulatory landscape is reviewed with respect to food packaging in particular, along with a review of factors that will affect how recycled plastic-based packaging progresses, including some of the developments underway amongst key industry players.

Contents

Executive Summary

  • Introduction
  • The Packaging Industry
  • Recycled Plastics for Packaging
  • The Plastics Recycling Option
    • Plastic Recycling Methods, Approaches and Food
  • Packaging
  • Regulatory Landscape
    • US FDA Food Notification (FCN) System
    • Europe
    • Plastics Implementing Measure
  • Outlook for Recycled Plastics

Introduction and Methodology

  • Introduction
  • Objective
  • Scope
  • Methodology
  • Definitions

The Packaging Industry

  • Recycled Plastics for Packaging
  • The Plastics Recycling Option
  • Recycled Plastics for Food Packaging
  • Recycling Processes
    • Plastic Process Scrap Recycling
    • Mechanical Recycling
    • Chemical or Feedstock Recycling
  • US EPA
    •  rPET Container Recycling
    • - Closed-loop Recycling

Regulatory Landscape

  • US FDA
    • Current Regulations and Initiatives
      • Guidance for Industry
    • US FDA Food Notification (FCN) System
  • Europe
    • PIM 
  • Mercosur

Future Trends

  • Recycled Plastics for Packaging and Food Contact
  • Energy Costs -- The Strongest Driver for Renewable Solutions
  • New Packaging Materials -- Biopolymers
  • Future Innovations and Processes
    • Other Innovations

Tables and Figures

  • Summary of food contact legislation in North America relevant to recycled plastic materials
  • Exemptions that have been issued under 21 CFR 170.39 Threshold of Regulation for substances used in food contact
  • Summary of Food-Contact Notification approvals
  • Legislation in part 177 of title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations, titled 'Indirect Food Additives: Polymers'
  • Summary of food contact legislation in the European Union relevant to recycled plastic materials
  • Member state with national recycled plastic food contact legislation and date of last update
  • Impact of REACH on the trade of recycled plastics depending on their nature
  • Summary of food contact legislation in the non-EU countries relevant to recycled plastic materials
  • Summary of food contact legislation in Asia, Australia and New Zealand relevant to plastic materials
  • Summary of food contact legislation in the Middle East relevant to recycled plastic materials
  • A comparison between the US FDA and EU recycled plastic food contact approval systems
  • The US FDA-recommended food simulants for different food types
  • Acceptable recoveries for analytes in fortification and recovery experiments
  • Food simulants and food types
  • Food simulants to be selected for testing food contact materials in special cases
  • Conventional conditions for migration tests with food simulants